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Research article
Mentorship and self-efficacy are associated with lower burnout in physical therapists in the United States: a cross-sectional survey study  
Matthew Pugliese, Jean-Michel Brismée, Brad Allen, Sean Riley, Justin Tammany, Paul Mintken
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2023;20:27.   Published online September 27, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2023.20.27
  • 3,641 View
  • 316 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
This study investigated the prevalence of burnout in physical therapists in the United States and the relationships between burnout and education, mentorship, and self-efficacy.
Methods
This was a cross-sectional survey study. An electronic survey was distributed to practicing physical therapists across the United States over a 6-week period from December 2020 to January 2021. The survey was completed by 2,813 physical therapists from all states. The majority were female (68.72%), White or Caucasian (80.13%), and employed full-time (77.14%). Respondents completed questions on demographics, education, mentorship, self-efficacy, and burnout. The Burnout Clinical Subtypes Questionnaire 12 (BCSQ-12) and self-reports were used to quantify burnout, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) was used to measure self-efficacy. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed.
Results
Respondents from home health (median BCSQ-12=42.00) and skilled nursing facility settings (median BCSQ-12=42.00) displayed the highest burnout scores. Burnout was significantly lower among those who provided formal mentorship (median BCSQ-12=39.00, P=0.0001) compared to no mentorship (median BCSQ-12=41.00). Respondents who received formal mentorship (median BCSQ-12=38.00, P=0.0028) displayed significantly lower burnout than those who received no mentorship (median BCSQ-12=41.00). A moderate negative correlation (rho=-0.49) was observed between the GSES and burnout scores. A strong positive correlation was found between self-reported burnout status and burnout scores (rrb=0.61).
Conclusion
Burnout is prevalent in the physical therapy profession, as almost half of respondents (49.34%) reported burnout. Providing or receiving mentorship and higher self-efficacy were associated with lower burnout. Organizations should consider measuring burnout levels, investing in mentorship programs, and implementing strategies to improve self-efficacy.
Review
Prevalence of burnout and related factors in nursing faculty members: a systematic review  
Marziyeh Hosseini, Mitra Soltanian, Camellia Torabizadeh, Zahra Hadian Shirazi
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2022;19:16.   Published online July 14, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2022.19.16
  • 5,159 View
  • 450 Download
  • 10 Web of Science
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
The current study aimed to identify the prevalence of burnout and related factors in nursing faculty members through a systematic review of the literature.
Methods
A comprehensive search of electronic databases, including Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Iranmedex, and Scientific Information Database was conducted via keywords extracted from Medical Subject Headings, including burnout and nursing faculty, for studies published from database inception to April 1, 2022. The quality of the included studies in this review was assessed using the appraisal tool for cross-sectional studies.
Results
A total of 2,551 nursing faculty members were enrolled in 11 studies. The mean score of burnout in nursing faculty members based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was 59.28 out of 132. The burnout score in this study was presented in 3 MBI subscales: emotional exhaustion, 21.24 (standard deviation [SD]=9.70) out of 54; depersonalization, 5.88 (SD=4.20) out of 30; and personal accomplishment, 32.16 (SD=6.45) out of 48. Several factors had significant relationships with burnout in nursing faculty members, including gender, level of education, hours of work, number of classroom, students taught, full-time work, job pressure, perceived stress, subjective well-being, marital status, job satisfaction, work setting satisfaction, workplace empowerment, collegial support, management style, fulfillment of self-expectation, communication style, humor, and academic position.
Conclusion
Overall, the mean burnout scores in nursing faculty members were moderate. Therefore, health policymakers and managers can reduce the likelihood of burnout in nursing faculty members by using psychosocial interventions and support.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Strategies to promote nurse educator well-being and prevent burnout: An integrative review
    Allan Lovern, Lindsay Quinlan, Stephanie Brogdon, Cora Rabe, Laura S. Bonanno
    Teaching and Learning in Nursing.2024; 19(2): 185.     CrossRef
  • ALS Health care provider wellness
    Gregory Hansen, Sarah Burton-MacLeod, Kerri Lynn Schellenberg
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration.2024; 25(3-4): 299.     CrossRef
  • Cuidando al profesorado: resultados de un programa a distancia de autocuidado para educadores de profesiones de la salud
    Denisse Zúñiga, Guadalupe Echeverría, Pía Nitsche, Nuria Pedrals, Attilio Rigotti, Marisol Sirhan, Klaus Puschel, Marcela Bitran
    Educación Médica.2024; 25(1): 100871.     CrossRef
  • Civility and resilience practices to address chronic workplace stress in nursing academia
    Teresa M. Stephens, Cynthia M. Clark
    Teaching and Learning in Nursing.2024; 19(2): 119.     CrossRef
  • Burnout among Chinese live streamers: Prevalence and correlates
    Shi Chen, Hanqin Wang, Shang Yang, Fushen Zhang, Xiao Gao, Ziwei Liu, Jenny Wilkinson
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(5): e0301984.     CrossRef
  • Holistic Wellness Support Systems for Nursing Faculty
    Ipuna Estavillo Black, LaTricia Perry, Hyunhwa Lee
    Nursing Education Perspectives.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Self-Care in Nursing Education
    Kimberly D. Kennel, Trina Barrett, Jami Smith Brown, Janet Tucker
    Journal of Nursing Education.2024; 63(6): 394.     CrossRef
  • Using Caring Theory to Guide Application of Psychological PPE to Support Graduate Nurse Wellbeing in a Pandemic and Beyond
    Linda C. Cole, Lisa Boss, Marie McBee, Francine Snow
    Journal of Professional Nursing.2024; 54: 63.     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing fatigue, mental workload and burnout among Chinese health care workers during public emergencies: an online cross-sectional study
    Qian Xiong, Feng Luo, Yue Chen, Yi Duan, Jie Huang, Hong Liu, Pengjuan Jin, Rong Li
    BMC Nursing.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The state of mental health, burnout, mattering and perceived wellness culture in Doctorally prepared nursing faculty with implications for action
    Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Lee Ann Strait, Cindy Beckett, Andreanna Pavan Hsieh, Jeffery Messinger, Randee Masciola
    Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing.2023; 20(2): 142.     CrossRef
  • Pressures in the Ivory Tower: An Empirical Study of Burnout Scores among Nursing Faculty
    Sheila A. Boamah, Michael Kalu, Rosain Stennett, Emily Belita, Jasmine Travers
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(5): 4398.     CrossRef
  • Understanding and Fostering Mental Health and Well-Being among University Faculty: A Narrative Review
    Dalal Hammoudi Halat, Abderrezzaq Soltani, Roua Dalli, Lama Alsarraj, Ahmed Malki
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(13): 4425.     CrossRef
  • A mixed-methods study of the effectiveness and perceptions of a course design institute for health science educators
    Julie Speer, Quincy Conley, Derek Thurber, Brittany Williams, Mitzi Wasden, Brenda Jackson
    BMC Medical Education.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Research Article
Assessment of professional competency and need of smoking cessation counseling for dental students  
Rajani A. Dable, Pradnya B. Wasnik, Babita R. Pawar, Sujit S. Bopardikar, Sunilkumar N. Nagmode
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2014;11:26.   Published online October 5, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2014.11.26
  • 24,381 View
  • 143 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The aim of this study was to analyze the smoking prevalence among dental students and to assess the need for promoting tobacco education and intervention by exploring their knowledge about smoking related risk factors. The study also examined the attitudes and practices of the students toward tobacco consumption, and their responsibilities toward the community. Methods: In total, 53 male students participated in the study (21 juniors and 32 seniors). The training program was divided into three modules, and the questionnaire was administered before and after the counseling sessions, which provided the comparative data on the students’ views about smoking cessation. Results: The most commonly practiced mode of tobacco consumption was found to be cigarette smoking (90.6 %), while a few consumed Gutkha (9.4%). All the junior students (100%) reported to have been benefitted by the counseling program, while 68.8% of the students from the senior group reported the same. Bivariate statistical analysis was conducted using the Pearson’s chi-square test for testing the difference across the age groups. P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Conclusion: Curbing tobacco influence on dental students in their initial days can ensure a smoke-free life for them, as well as prevents them from feeling embarrassed or experiencing a lack of confidence while seeing their patients. Thus, tobacco education and intervention programs can motivate the students and increase their potential to be credible advisors regarding smoking cessation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Global Status of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Tobacco Cessation Interventions Among Dental Professionals: A Systematic Review
    Harsh Priya, Manali Deb Barma, Bharathi M Purohit, Deepali Agarwal, Upendra Singh Bhadauria, Nitesh Tewari, Shalini Gupta, Deepika Mishra, Rahul Morankar, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Ritu Duggal
    Tobacco Use Insights.2022; 15: 1179173X2211372.     CrossRef
  • Development and Validation of an Evaluation Tool to Measure the Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Training among Healthcare Providers in Malaysia: The Providers’ Smoking Cessation Training Evaluation (ProSCiTE)
    Siti Idayu Hasan, Farizah Mohd Hairi, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin, Mahmoud Danaee
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 16(21): 4297.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of tobacco use and perceptions of student health professionals about cessation training: results from Global Health Professions Students Survey
    Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, N Ramakrishnareddy, Mahbubur Rahman, Imtiyaz Ali Mir
    BMJ Open.2018; 8(5): e017477.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions