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Comparison of the knowledge, attitudes, and perception of barriers regarding adverse drug reaction reporting between pharmacy and medical students in Pakistan  
Muhammad Umair Khan, Akram Ahmad, Areeba Ejaz, Syed Ata Rizvi, Ayesha Sardar, Kazim Hussain, Tayyaba Zaffar, Shazia Q. Jamshed
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2015;12:28.   Published online June 17, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2015.12.28
  • 31,460 View
  • 214 Download
  • 14 Web of Science
  • 16 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The goal of this study was to compare the knowledge and attitudes of pharmacy and medical students regarding adverse drug reactions (ADRs), as well as their perceptions of barriers to ADR reporting, in a Higher Education Commission-recognised Pakistani university.
Methods
A cross-sectional study was conducted among final-year pharmacy (n=91) and medical (n=108) students in Pakistan from June 1 to July 31, 2014. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. The responses of pharmacy students were compared to those of medical students.
Results
Pharmacy students had a significantly better knowledge of ADRs than medical students (mean±SD, 5.61±1.78 vs. 3.23±1.60; P<0.001). Gender showed a significant relationship to knowledge about ADRs, and male participants were apparently more knowledgeable than their female counterparts (P<0.001). The attitudes of pharmacy students regarding their capability to handle and report ADRs were significantly more positive than those of medical students (P<0.05). In comparison to pharmacy students, a lack of knowledge of where and how to report ADRs was the main barrier that medical students perceived to ADR reporting (P=0.001).
Conclusion
Final-year pharmacy students exhibited more knowledge about ADRs and showed more positive attitudes regarding their capacity to handle and report ADRs than final-year medical students.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Teaching pharmacovigilance to French medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic: Interest of distance learning clinical reasoning sessions
    François Montastruc, Fabrice Muscari, Ivan Tack, Justine Benevent, Margaux Lafaurie, Claire de Canecaude, Haleh Bagheri, Fabien Despas, Christine Damase-Michel, Geneviève Durrieu, Agnès Sommet
    Therapies.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Enhancing Patient Safety: A Cross-Sectional Study to Assess Medical Interns’ Attitude and Knowledge About Medication Safety in Saudi Arabia
    Raghad Hijazi, Hatouf Sukkarieh, Rami Bustami, Jibran Khan, Reema Aldhalaan
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessment of the Current State of Pharmacovigilance System in Pakistan Using Indicator-Based Assessment Tool
    Muhammad Akhtar Abbas Khan, Saima Hamid, Tofeeq Ur-Rehman, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A National Survey of Community Pharmacists’ Viewpoints About Pharmacovigilance and Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting in Saudi Arabia
    Mona Y. Alsheikh, Moudi M. Alasmari
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Connaissances et perception de la pharmacovigilance par les futurs pharmaciens marocains
    N. Nchinech, Z. Lachhab, M. Obtel, Y. Cherrah, S. Serragui
    Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises.2021; 79(3): 291.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Medical, Pharmacy, and Nursing Students Towards Pharmacovigilance and Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting at University of Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Northwest Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Masho Tigabe Tekel, Abaynesh Fentahun Bekalu, Faisel Dula Sema
    Advances in Medical Education and Practice.2021; Volume 12: 1129.     CrossRef
  • Quality assessment of individual case safety reports in pharmacovigilance in Burkina Faso
    Nazaire Roamba, Emile Windné Ouedraogo, Estelle Noella Hoho Youl, S. Bourekkadi, H. Hami, A. Mokhtari, K. Slimani, A. Soulaymani
    E3S Web of Conferences.2021; 319: 01073.     CrossRef
  • Pharmacovigilance in healthcare education: students’ knowledge, attitude and perception: a cross-sectional study in Saudi Arabia
    Monira Alwhaibi, Ghaida Alhindi, Majd Alshamrani, Maryam Bin Essa, Noha A. Al Aloola, Tariq M. Alhawassi
    BMC Medical Education.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude and practices about pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions among dental research assistants in a Turkish hospital: a cross-sectional study
    Yusuf KARATAŞ, Zakir KHAN, Ezgi Sena GÖREN ÖZAGİL, Ayşe Büşra ABUSSUUTOĞLU, Aykut PELİT, Elif KOÇAK
    Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine.2020; 3(4): 367.     CrossRef
  • Impact of knowledge, attitude and preceptor behaviour in pharmacovigilance education
    Yun Mi Yu, Seungyeon Kim, Kyung Hee Choi, Kyeong Hye Jeong, Euni Lee
    Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology.2019; 124(5): 591.     CrossRef
  • Reporting of Adverse Drug Reactions in Primary Care Settings in Kuwait: A Comparative Study of Physicians and Pharmacists
    Jacinthe Lemay, Fatemah M. Alsaleh, Lulwa Al-Buresli, Mohammed Al-Mutairi, Eman A. Abahussain, Tania Bayoud
    Medical Principles and Practice.2018; 27(1): 30.     CrossRef
  • What Future Healthcare Professionals Need to Know About Pharmacovigilance: Introduction of the WHO PV Core Curriculum for University Teaching with Focus on Clinical Aspects
    Rike van Eekeren, Leàn Rolfes, Andries S. Koster, Lara Magro, Gurumurthy Parthasarathi, Hussain Al Ramimmy, Tim Schutte, Daisuke Tanaka, Eugène van Puijenbroek, Linda Härmark
    Drug Safety.2018; 41(11): 1003.     CrossRef
  • Urgent need to modernize pharmacovigilance education in healthcare curricula: review of the literature
    Michael Reumerman, J. Tichelaar, B. Piersma, M. C. Richir, M. A. van Agtmael
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.2018; 74(10): 1235.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and awareness regarding Chikungunya: a cross-sectional study among healthcare students in a private university, Malaysia
    Abdul Nazer Ali, Chew Jia Hui, Sunil K Prajapati, Nazer Zulfikar Ahmed
    MOJ Bioequivalence & Bioavailability.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Palestinian pharmacists’ knowledge of issues related to using psychotropic medications in older people: a cross-sectional study
    Ramzi Shawahna, Mais Khaskiyyi, Hadeel Abdo, Yasmen Msarwe, Rania Odeh, Souad Salame
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2017; 14: 8.     CrossRef
  • Perspective of Saudi undergraduate pharmacy students on pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reaction reporting: A National Survey
    Nazmeyah Alkayyal, Ejaz Cheema, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
    Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning.2017; 9(5): 779.     CrossRef
The need for redesigned pharmacy practice courses in Pakistan: the perspectives of senior pharmacy students  
Muhammad Umair Khan, Akram Ahmad, Kazim Hussain, Aqsa Salam, Zain-ul Hasnain, Isha Patel
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2015;12:27.   Published online June 16, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2015.12.27
  • 28,444 View
  • 135 Download
  • 8 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
In Pakistan, courses in pharmacy practice, which are an essential component of the PharmD curriculum, were launched with the aim of strengthening pharmacy practice overall and enabling pharmacy students to cope with the challenges involved in meeting real-world healthcare needs. Since very little research has assessed the efficacy of such courses, we aimed to evaluate students’ perceptions of pharmacy practice courses and their opinions about whether their current knowledge of the topics covered in pharmacy practice courses is adequate for future practice. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted over two months among the senior pharmacy students of two pharmacy colleges. A content- and face-validated questionnaire was used to collect data, which were then analysed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive analysis and logistic regression were performed. Results: Research in pharmacy practice (30.2%), applied drug information (34.4%), health policy (38.1%), public health and epidemiology (39.5%), pharmacovigilance (45.6%), and pharmacoeconomics (47.9%) were the major courses that were covered to the least extent in the PharmD curriculum. However, hospital pharmacy practice (94.4%), pharmacotherapeutics (88.8%), and community pharmacy practice (82.8%) were covered well. Although 94% of students considered these courses important, only 37.2% considered themselves to be competent in the corresponding topics. Of the participants, 87.9% agreed that the pharmacy courses in the present curriculum should be redesigned. Conclusion: Our results showed that the pharmacy practice courses in the current PharmD curriculum do not encompass some important core subjects. A nationwide study is warranted to further establish the necessity for remodelling pharmacy practice courses in Pakistan.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Perceptions of and Preparedness for the Application of Pharmacoeconomics in Practice, among Final Year Bachelor of Pharmacy Students in South Africa: A National Cross-Sectional Study
    Carlien Schmidt, Moliehi Matlala, Brian Godman, Amanj Kurdi, Johanna C. Meyer
    Pharmacy.2023; 11(2): 54.     CrossRef
  • Perspectives on an amended law addressing pharmacists' availability in community pharmacies
    Gohar Qadeer, Mohamed Ezzat Khamis Amin
    Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.2021; 27(1): 151.     CrossRef
  • Pharmacy Services beyond the Basics: A Qualitative Study to Explore Perspectives of Pharmacists towards Basic and Enhanced Pharmacy Services in Pakistan
    Muhammad Atif, Wajiha Razzaq, Irem Mushtaq, Iram Malik, Madiha Razzaq, Shane Scahill, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(7): 2379.     CrossRef
  • Pharmacists’ Knowledge and Practice of Issues Related to Using Psychotropic Medication in Elderly People in Ethiopia: A Prospective Cross-Sectional Study
    Gashaw Binega Mekonnen, Alemante Tafese Beyna
    BioMed Research International.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Farmacovigilância: uma estratégia biopolítica
    Cléber Domingos Cunha da Silva
    Saúde e Sociedade.2018; 27(3): 860.     CrossRef
  • Palestinian pharmacists’ knowledge of issues related to using psychotropic medications in older people: a cross-sectional study
    Ramzi Shawahna, Mais Khaskiyyi, Hadeel Abdo, Yasmen Msarwe, Rania Odeh, Souad Salame
    Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions.2017; 14: 8.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions