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J Educ Eval Health Prof > Epub ahead of print
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2018; 15: 22.
Published online September 18, 2018.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2018.15.22
[Epub ahead of print]
Learning through multiple lenses: analysis of self, peer, near-peer and faculty assessment of a clinical history taking task in Australia
Kylie Fitzgerald1  , Brett Vaughan2 
1College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
2Department of Medical Education, Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
Correspondence  Kylie Fitzgerald ,Email: kylie.fitzgerald@vu.edu.au
Editor:  Sun Huh, Hallym University, Korea
Submitted: July 20, 2018  Accepted after revision: September 18, 2018
Abstract
Purpose:
Peer assessment may offer a framework for expected skill development and feedback appropriate to the learner level. Near-peer (NP) assessment may elevate expectations and motivate student learning. Feedback from peers and NPs may offer a sustainable approach to enhancing student assessment feedback. The aim was to analyze the relationship and attitudes of self, peer, NP and faculty marking of an assessment.
Method:
A cross sectional study design was used. Year 2 osteopathy students (n = 86) were invited to self and peer assess a clinical history-taking and communication skills assessment. Near-peers and faculty also marked the assessment. Year 2 students also completed a peer/NP attitudes questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rho were used to evaluate the relationships across marker groups.
Results:
Year 2 students (n=9), near-peers (n=3) and faculty (n=5) were recruited. Correlations between self and peer (r=0.38) and self and faculty (r = 0.43) marks were moderate. A weak correlation was observed between self and near-peer marks (r = 0.25). Perceptions of peer and near-peer marking were varied with over half of the cohort suggesting peer or NP assessments marks should not contribute to a grade.
Conclusion:
Framing peer and NP assessment as another feedback source may offer a sustainable method for enhancing feedback without overloading faculty resources. Multiple sources of feedback may assist in developing assessment literacy and calibrate a students’ self-assessment capability. The small number of students recruited may indicate some acceptability of peer and NP assessment however further work is required to increase its acceptability.
Keywords: Peer Review, Self-Assessment, Feedback, Educational Measurement, Osteopathic Medicine
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