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JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions

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Seok Hwan Hong 1 Article
Development of examination objectives for the Korean paramedic and emergency medical technician examination: a survey study  
Tai-hwan Uhm, Heakyung Choi, Seok Hwan Hong, Hyungsub Kim, Minju Kang, Keunyoung Kim, Hyejin Seo, Eunyoung Ki, Hyeryeong Lee, Heejeong Ahn, Uk-jin Choi, Sang Woong Park
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2024;21:13.   Published online June 12, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2024.21.13
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AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
The duties of paramedics and emergency medical technicians (P&EMTs) are continuously changing due to developments in medical systems. This study presents evaluation goals for P&EMTs by analyzing their work, especially the tasks that new P&EMTs (with less than 3 years’ experience) find difficult, to foster the training of P&EMTs who could adapt to emergency situations after graduation.
Methods
A questionnaire was created based on prior job analyses of P&EMTs. The survey questions were reviewed through focus group interviews, from which 253 task elements were derived. A survey was conducted from July 10, 2023 to October 13, 2023 on the frequency, importance, and difficulty of the 6 occupations in which P&EMTs were employed.
Results
The P&EMTs’ most common tasks involved obtaining patients’ medical histories and measuring vital signs, whereas the most important task was cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The task elements that the P&EMTs found most difficult were newborn delivery and infant CPR. New paramedics reported that treating patients with fractures, poisoning, and childhood fever was difficult, while new EMTs reported that they had difficulty keeping diaries, managing ambulances, and controlling infection.
Conclusion
Communication was the most important item for P&EMTs, whereas CPR was the most important skill. It is important for P&EMTs to have knowledge of all tasks; however, they also need to master frequently performed tasks and those that pose difficulties in the field. By deriving goals for evaluating P&EMTs, changes could be made to their education, thereby making it possible to train more capable P&EMTs.

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions