Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Margarita Rosel 1 Article
Common models and approaches for the clinical educator to plan effective feedback encounters  
Cesar Orsini, Veena Rodrigues, Jorge Tricio, Margarita Rosel
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2022;19:35.   Published online December 19, 2022
  • 5,063 View
  • 670 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Giving constructive feedback is crucial for learners to bridge the gap between their current performance and the desired standards of competence. Giving effective feedback is a skill that can be learned, practiced, and improved. Therefore, our aim was to explore models in clinical settings and assess their transferability to different clinical feedback encounters. We identified the 6 most common and accepted feedback models, including the Feedback Sandwich, the Pendleton Rules, the One-Minute Preceptor, the SET-GO model, the R2C2 (Rapport/Reaction/Content/Coach), and the ALOBA (Agenda Led Outcome-based Analysis) model. We present a handy resource describing their structure, strengths and weaknesses, requirements for educators and learners, and suitable feedback encounters for use for each model. These feedback models represent practical frameworks for educators to adopt but also to adapt to their preferred style, combining and modifying them if necessary to suit their needs and context.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Navigating power dynamics between pharmacy preceptors and learners
    Shane Tolleson, Mabel Truong, Natalie Rosario
    Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy.2024; 13: 100408.     CrossRef
  • Feedback in Medical Education—Its Importance and How to Do It
    Tarik Babar, Omer A. Awan
    Academic Radiology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Feedback conversations: First things first?
    Katharine A. Robb, Marcy E. Rosenbaum, Lauren Peters, Susan Lenoch, Donna Lancianese, Jane L. Miller
    Patient Education and Counseling.2023; 115: 107849.     CrossRef

JEEHP : Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions