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J Educ Eval Health Prof > Epub ahead of print
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2020; 17: 36.
Published online November 26, 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2020.17.36
[Epub ahead of print]
Key competencies for Korean nurses in prenatal genetic nursing: experiential genetic nursing knowledge, and ethics and law
Gyeyoung Shin1  , Myunghee Jun2  , Hye-Kyung Kim3  , Michael Wreen4  , Sylvia Mimi Kubsch2 
1College of Nursing, Shinhan University, Dongducheon, Korea
2Department of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Wisconsin–Green Bay, Green Bay, WI, USA
3Department of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin–Green Bay, Green Bay, WI, USA
4Department of Philosophy, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, USA
Correspondence  Hye-Kyung Kim ,Email: kimh@uwgb.edu
Editor:  Sun Huh, Hallym University, Korea
Submitted: October 17, 2020  Accepted after revision: November 26, 2020
Abstract
Purpose
This study aims at determining the competencies of Korean nurses in prenatal genetic nursing.
Methods
First, a 3-round Delphi survey was conducted to establish prenatal genetic nursing competencies. Second, a prenatal genetic nursing education program (PGNEP), incorporating the findings from the Delphi survey, was designed. Third, a single group pre- and post-quasi-experimental study at a PGNEP workshop was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the integration of the competencies into the PGNEP with the measurements of knowledge about prenatal genetic testing and nursing (K-PGTN) and information needs about prenatal genetic testing and nursing (I-PGTN). Finally, the identified competencies were reexamined for their clarity.
Results
Based on the Delphi survey 78 competency components were identified. The components were then classified under 10 categories, which were organized under 4 domains. The domain of “experiential genetic nursing knowledge” and the domain of “ethics and law” were ranked as the first and the second in significance. The quasi-experimental study showed that the mean scores in K-PGTN were significantly increased from 8.19±2.67 to 11.25±2.51 (P<0.001). The mean scores of “ethics and law” in I-PGTN decreased significantly (P=0.023). The headings of 4 categories and 2 domains were revised.
Conclusion
This study identified competencies for prenatal genetic nursing and nursing education in Korea. There is a need for nursing instructors and researchers to improve the competencies of nurses in the identified areas. Particular emphasis should be placed on experiential nursing knowledge and on ethics and law related to prenatal genetic nursing.
Keywords: Genetics; Korea; Nursing education; Nursing ethics; Prenatal care
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