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J Educ Eval Health Prof > Epub ahead of print
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2020; 17: 26.
Published online September 7, 2020.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2020.17.26
[Epub ahead of print]
Levels, antecedents, and consequences of critical thinking among clinical nurses: a quantitative literature review
Yongmi Lee1  , Younjae Oh2 
1College of Nursing, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea
2College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea
Correspondence  Younjae Oh ,Email: okim1108@hallym.ac.kr
Editor:  Sun Huh, Hallym University, Korea
Submitted: August 12, 2020  Accepted after revision: September 7, 2020
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to obtain a more comprehensive understanding of critical thinking within the clinical nursing context. In this review, we addressed the following specific research questions: what are the levels of critical thinking among clinical nurses?; what are the antecedents of critical thinking?; and what are the consequences of critical thinking? A narrative literature review was applied in this study. Thirteen articles published from July 2013 to December 2019 were appraised since the most recent scoping review on critical thinking among nurses was conducted from January 1999 to June 2013. The levels of critical thinking among clinical nurses were moderate or high. Regarding the antecedents of critical thinking, the influence of sociodemographic variables on critical thinking was inconsistent, with the exception that levels of critical thinking differed according to years of work experience. Finally, little research has been conducted on the consequences of critical thinking and related factors. The above findings highlight the levels, antecedents, and consequences of critical thinking among clinical nurses in various settings. Considering the significant association between years of work experience and critical thinking capability, it may be effective for organizations to deliver tailored education programs on critical thinking for nurses according to their years of work experience.
Keywords: Nurses, Critical thinking, Literature review
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