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J Educ Eval Health Prof > Epub ahead of print
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2017; 14: 22.
Published online October 4, 2017.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2017.14.22
[Epub ahead of print]
Unmet needs in health training among nurses in rural Chinese township health centers: a cross-sectional hospital based study
Yan Mo1  , Guijie Hu2  , Yanhua Yi3  , Yanping Ying1  , Huiqiao Huang1  , Zhongxian Huang1  , Jiafeng Lin1 
1First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, China
2The Maternal and Child Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning 530003, Guangxi, China
3Department of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Nan Fang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong, China
Correspondence  Yanping Ying ,Email: 12466303@qq.com
Editor:  Sun Huh, Hallym University, Korea
Submitted: September 11, 2017  Accepted after revision: October 4, 2017
Abstract
Purpose:
Maintaining a sufficient and competent rural nursing workforce is important in Chinese health delivery system. However, few studies have involved in the health training status and needs assessment of rural Chinese nurses in great transformations of health policy. This study is to explore the current health training status and to ascertain needs perceived by nurses working in rural Chinese township health centers (THCs).
Method:
A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was conducted to 240 THC nurses in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, China from March 2014 to August 2014. Survey questionnaire was adopted from the Second Chinese Survey of Demographic Data and Training Demand for Health Professionals in THCs by the Ministry of Education.
Results:
The nurses in THCs were young with low educational background. The perceived needs in health training included further clinical study in city level hospitals to improve skills and theory study in medical universities in emergency medicine and general practice. There are 71.9% of the nurses with secondary technical school background and 68.5% of nurses with junior college education expected to take junior college or bachelor degree study, respectively. A decentralized program with theory study in medical universities and practice study in county hospitals were regarded as feasible by 66.9% of total respondents.
Conclusions:
There is a need to improve health-training programs for nurses in Chinese township health centers in coverage, delivery mode, and contents. A decentralized degree-linked training program collaborated with medical universities and city hospitals would be an appropriate mode
Keywords: China; health training; nurse; human resources for health; rural health care; township health centers


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