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J Educ Eval Health Prof > Epub ahead of print
J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2017; 14: 15.
Published online June 29, 2017.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2017.14.15
[Epub ahead of print]
Cross-validation of a Team-Based Learning Student Perception Scale in the United States
Donald H. Lein Jr.1  , John D. Lowman1  , Christopher A. Eidson2  , Hon K. Yuen2 
1Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Professions, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala., United States of America
2Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Ala., United States of America
Correspondence  John D. Lowman ,Email: jlowman@uab.edu
Editor:  Sun Huh, Hallym University, Korea
Submitted: May 30, 2017  Accepted after revision: June 29, 2017
Abstract
Purpose:
The purpose of this study was to cross-validate the factor structure of a previously developed Student Perceptions of Team-Based Learning (TBL) scale for medical students in an entry-level Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) program in the United States.
Method:
Toward the end of two patient/client management courses, 115 DPT students completed the Student Perceptions of TBL questionnaire, with a response rate of 87%. Principal component analysis (PCA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted to replicate and confirm the underlying factor structure of the scale.
Results:
Based on the PCA for the validation sample, the original two-factor structure (“preference for TBL” and “preference for teamwork”) of the Student Perceptions of TBL scale was replicated. The overall goodness-of-fit indices from the CFA suggested that the original two-factor structure for the 15 items of the scale demonstrated a good model fit (CFI=0.95, NNFI/TLI=0.93, RMSEA=0.06, and SRMR=0.07). The two factors demonstrated high internal consistency (alpha=0.83 and 0.88, respectively). DPT students taught using TBL viewed “preference for teamwork” more favorably than “preference for TBL”.
Conclusions:
Findings provided evidence to support replicability of the internal structure of the Student Perceptions of TBL scale when assessing perceptions of TBL among DPT students in patient/client management courses.
Keywords: Physical therapists; Perception; Educational measurement; Principal Component Analysis; Analysis, Statistical Factor


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